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分享人: 时间:2018-06-11

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天水一中2015级2017-2018学年度第二学期第四次模拟考试

英语试卷

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。

第Ⅰ卷

注意事项:

1.答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号框涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号框。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Sydney Day Tours

Port Stephens Day Tours

Labeled “Blue Water Paradise”, Port Stephens is known for its beauty and marine surroundings with over 19 miles of clean, white and sandy beaches. It is home to around 150 bottlenose dolphins and thus called the dolphin capital of Australia.

Highlights: Dolphin Watching; Australian Reptile Park

Operates: Mon, Wed & Sat---8 AM

Adults: $195 Children: $98

Note:Not suitable from Dec. 20th, 2017 to Jan. 9th, 2018 in Christmas & NY period, Feb.14th-22th, 2018 in Chinese NY.

Sydney City Day Tours

Sydney is a big city, filled with lots of landmarks and attractions to see. This can make it a stressful task to plan your own vacation in Sydney. Luckily, our tours are designed to allow you to see all of Sydney’s most famous landmarks. You can rest and make sure that you will be seeing all that Sydney has to offer.

Highlights: Harbour Bridge; Sydney Opera House

Operates: Daily---8 AM

Adults: $129 Children: $65

Blue Mountains Tours

These Blue Mountains Tours from Sydney have been designed for the adventurers and people who like to enjoy bushwalking. Additionally, these Blue Mountains Day Tours include a tough walk from Glenbrook to the Wentworth Falls.

Highlights: See Australian wildlife up-close; Guided hike at Wentworth Falls

Operates: Daily—8AM

Adults: $99 Children: $74

Note: A good level of fitness is required for the bush walk. Minimum child age is 11 years.

1.Which one is NOT proper time for the Port Stephens Day Tours?

A. Jan. 13th, 2018(Sat.)

B. Jan. 15th, 2018(Mon.)

C. Jan. 24th, 2018(Wed.)

D. Feb. 15th, 2018(Thur.)

2.What can tourists enjoy on Sydney City Day Tours?

A. Marine surroundings

B. Harbour Bridge

C. Dolphin Watching

D. Adventurous activities

3.Which of the following is true according to the advertisement?

A. All the tours are available every day.

B. Sydney city has the most landmarks and attractions in the world.

C. Children 10 years and under are not permitted on Blue Mountains Tours.

D. All the tours are charged and designed only for adventures.

B

It was a cold night in Washington, D. C., and I was heading back to the hotel when a man approached me. He asked if I would give him some money so he could get something to eat. I’d read the signs in the hotel: “Don’t give money to beggars.” So I shook my head and kept walking.

The incident bothered me for the rest of the week. I had money in my pocket and it wouldn’t have killed me to hand over a dollar or two even if he had been lying. Back home, I started to write my weekly garden column for The Anchorage Daily News. All of a sudden, I thought of Bean’s Café, the soup kitchen in Anchorage, which feeds hundreds of hungry Alaskans every day. Why not try to get all my readers to plant a row of vegetables in their gardens and donate them to Bean’s Café?

In April 1995, the Garden Writers Association of America held their annual meeting in Anchorage and after learning of Anchorage’s program, Plant a Row for Bean’s became Plant a Row For The Hungry. The original idea was to have every member of the Garden Writers Association of America write or talk about planting a row for the hungry sometime during the month of April.

Garden editor Joan Jackson, backed by The San Jose Mercury News and California’s nearly year-round growing season, raised more than 30,000 pounds of fruits and vegetables the first year, and showed how the program could really work. Today the program continues to boom and grow.

4.Why didn’t the writer give money to the man?

A. Because he noticed a warning at that time.

B. Because he had no money on him at that time.

C. Because he was in a hurry to get back to his hotel.

D. Because he didn’t know that man.

5.What inspired the writer to think of the program to help the poor?

A. A beggar

B. A hotel

C. the Garden Writers Association

D. Bean’s Café

6.How does the author feel about the effect of the Plan a Row program?

A. It’s discouraging

B. It’s satisfying

C. It’s doubtful

D. It’s challenging

7.Which might be the best title of the passage?

A. Everybody Can Make a Big Difference to the World

B. A Campaign to Remove Poverty

C. Plant a Row for the Hungry

D. How to Help People in Need

C

If you thought pilots dimmed(调暗)the lights before takeoff to give you some shuteye, think again. Believe it or not, the dim lighting could actually help save your life in case of a plane emergency.

The dimmed lights before taking off the runway and landing are a flight precaution used to help passengers’ eyes adjust quicker during an emergency escape. “Going from a brightly lit environment to one that’s completely dark would require some time for our eyes to focus and see the escape slide,” Alice Theriault, service director for Air Canada wrote in a press statement. “Since we need to have all the s econds on our side in the event of an emergency, dimming the lights is one of many steps we take to ensure the safety of our customers.”

The phenomenon that your eyes see those strange speckles (小斑点) as your sight adjusts to a dark place after being in a light place is called dark adaptation. It normally takes our eyes about 20 to 30 minutes to see best in a dark room. The brighter the lights, the longer it takes for our eyes to adjust, which is why dimming the plane lights could shorten your “dark adaptation” time since you haven’t been sitting under fluorescent bulbs (荧光灯) all flight.

Not only does dimming lights add valuable time to the escape process, it reduces the tension on your eyes if you need to look outside, or see the emergency lighting along the passage. “It helps keep you in the right direction.” Patrick Smith, an airline pilot and author of Cockpit Confidential told The Telegraph. “It also makes it easier for flight attendants to assess any outside risks, such as fire or debris, that might affe ct an escape.” So next time a pilot dims the lights, just know it’s for your safety, even though it creates a gentle atmosphere for your takeoff into the sky.

8.The lights are turned down before takeoff to help passengers to_______.

A. take a short break

B. escape in time of emergency

C. create a warm atmosphere

D. adapt their eyes to the bright environment

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